|Singaporean mahjong– similar to the Cantonese mahjong played in Malaysia. The four animal tiles (cat, mouse, cockerel, and centipede) are unique, as well as certain alternatives in the scoring rules, which allow payouts midway through the game if certain conditions (such as a kang) are met.
South African mahjong– a variant of Cantonese mahjong.It is very similar in terms of game play and follows most of the rules and regulations of Cantonese mahjong, with some minor differences in scoring, such as the maximum points a hand can be rewarded is 3 or 4 fan depending on the house rules. A chicken hand (gai wu) is normally considered a value hand. Depending on the house rules, flowers may also be used to boost scoring.
Vietnamese mạt chược– with 16 different kinds of jokers, for a total of 160 tiles. Modern variant includes more jokers for a total of 176 tiles.
Thai mahjong– includes the older Vietnamese tiles with another eight, for a total of 168 tiles.
Filipino mahjong– with the Window Joker
Korean mahjong– is unique in many ways and is an excellent version for three players. One suit is omitted completely (usually the Bamboo set or 2-8 of bamboo) as well as the seasons. The scoring is simpler and the play is faster. No melded chows are allowed and concealed hands are common. Riichi (much like its Japanese cousin) is an integral part of the game as well.
Australian Mahjong- stems from the traditional Hong Kong Mahjong style.
British Mahjong– the aim is to achieve a high score in each session, not necessarily the most Mahjongs.
Pussers bones- a fast-moving variant developed by sailors in the Royal Australian Navy. It uses an alternative vocabulary, such as Eddie, Sammy, Wally, and Normie, instead of East, South, West, and North.
Three player mahjong (or three-ka)- a simplified three-person version that involves hands of 13 tiles (with a total of 84 tiles on the table) and may use jokers depending on the variation. Any rule set can be adapted for three players; mostly accepted in Japan, Korea, Malaysia and the Philippines. It usually eliminates one suit entirely, or tiles 2-8 in one suit, leaving only the terminals.
Mah Jongg Card Game by Winning Moves- a card game based on the basic Mah Jongg game.
Honeymoon Mah Jongg or Messy Mah Jongg– same as American but there are 2 racks and no walls built, thus the tiles are scattered in the middle of the table.
Duplicate Mah Jongg– just like bridge, the walls are set up exactly the same manually at 4 different tables that play simultaneously.
Siamese Mah Jongg– a current spinoff of the Honeymoon version with improved rules to suit two players. Walls are used and there in no Charleston.This information originally appeared in the Destination Mah Jongg Newsletter in May. Many thanks to Sheryl Perry for allowing us to share it with you.